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18.12.2017 - 1.2.2018 - Examination Period

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Sustainable Development, Ethics

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Goal 3: Sustainable development, transparency and ethics

The dominant factor of successful governance in the field of economy and politics is, as indicated above, confidence and support of citizens (voters, shareholders). Without their confidence and support the set mode of governance is not legitimate and sustainable in the long term. At present, on all levels of governance one can track weakening legitimacy and support of civic society to the system of governance. That has to some extent connection with the ailments of current system, such as over regulation and poor transparency of multilateral, regional and national legal order, corruption and client-shipment or the lack of corporate responsibility and ethics. The main task of solution seekers team consisting of experts on intercultural management, human capital competitiveness, labour market, the role of corruption and lobbying in decision-making process and business ethics and social responsibility of entrepreneurs will thus be the identification of crucial factors of sustainable confidence in legitimacy and responsibility on all levels of governance as well as the formulation of specific assumptions for possible application of good governance in the spheres of global, regional and national politics and economy.

Solving global problems and a way to sustainable and long-standing economic and social growth of present world society though generally (both in developing and advanced regions) lies in the role of education and information in society and thus in quality of human capital. More than ever the economic growth is now based on high-tech technologies and quality and productive labour force but these simultaneously generate pressure on a labour market and the necessity to increase mobility and competitiveness of labour as the dominant production factor. In the centre of this section will also lie the analysis of labour market in advanced countries (especially EU countries) with the awareness of the fact, that the quality of education and social dialogue significantly determinates any attempt to reform European social model (here the sub-block gets into close relation to the issue of economic and European governance solved within the frame of the other sub-blocks). Of course, global determinants and a normative figure of human development cannot stay aside.

The transparency and ethics influence very significantly the behaviour of individual entities (consumers and enterprises) and with the growing role of information society they achieve the interest. The relevant aspect of the research in this field will thus be a very concrete look at the responsibility and ethics of entrepreneurs in branches of business where the importance of transparent and correct information influences the decision on consumer behaviour of individuals. In context of advancing integration on of the world economy and the development of telecommunications the consumer behaviour crosses the boundaries of states and regions and underlines the role of international regimes ensuring comparability of qualitative characteristics of international flows of goods, services and production factors.

The importance of all above indicated problems for domestic processes of governance is not necessarily to be specially highlighted as e.g. social dialogue, competitiveness and flexibility of Czech labour market have high relevancy to both purely internal processes (fighting unemployment, balanced development, regional policy) and successful and firm involvement of the Czech Republic both into European and global economy (inflow of direct foreign investments and their keeping in CR, competitiveness of Czech labour force under the conditions of liberalized labour market of EU-25 and etc.). Naturally from the view of the development issue the analysis of Czech practices and conditions of development aid (as a part of foreign policy of CR and activities of non-governmental sector), which can be efficiently displayed on the level of development policy of EU, have high topicality and thus will create a significant part of this sub-block.

The goal of the sub-block International regimes, transparency and ethics is not only the precise identification of above stated imperfections of present system of governance, their classification and analysis of consequences on the legitimacy and efficiency of governance, but also highlighting the enormous importance of a mechanisms of transparency, ethics, social sustainability and respect to legal norms. These can be, from the view of the system of policies, qualified as auto-regulation instruments, the significance of which for the good and efficient governance is hard to quantify. On specific examples of the particular levels of governance, however, their importance and significance may be sufficiently analyzed and thereby both general and specific recommendations for individual levels of governance.