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Goal 4: Balanced development and International Regimes

This group of researchers will comprise of experts on globalisation and global problems of world economy, developing economy, international political relations and international foreign policy and international, European, business and competition law. Their task will be to examined and analyse the aspects of sustainable and well-balanced development on all levels of governance the way it would, in accordance with the general goal of the research plan, add further system assumptions necessary for successful exercise of good governance. At the same time this sub-block will offer solutions to many hot problems of the present world economy. Among them we can stress the issue of a low development, which is very topical at present times of deepening differences among developing countries and low efficiency of development aid compared according to current schemes. The participation of developing countries in world economic and social growth is nowadays a key factor of success and advancement of supranational efforts in economic and political cooperation (the example of the effect of developing countries on supranational bodies and regimes can be the failure of WTO ministerial conference in Cancun). Millennium goals of the recently passed WTO conference in Honkong point at the increasing importance of the development issue for the functioning of the whole global economy and thereby they amend in inseparable way the interest in this issue from the view of concern about more secure and balanced development of developing regions.

On global level the analysis will be based on the role, legitimacy and efficiency of international regimes which, especially in economic sphere, represent the main tool for the reaction of global economy to changing conditions resulted from globalisations. Ethics and social responsibility of transnational corporations the influence of which is often superior to the recourses of national governments, is also the key factor for understanding the new role of various participants in global economy and politics. The role of transparency and non-corruption environment in politics and economy penetrates through all levels of governance and therefore it is as important in questions of European governance (which suffers from lack of democracy, non-transparency of lobbyists interest and insufficient formulation of public interests) as in issues of national governance, which, despite of its close connection to interrupted continuance of democratic development in CR, does not differ from situation in other (also advanced) countries.

The goal of this sub-block, relating to other sub-goals of the research plan, will be finding further crucial assumptions for application, fruitfulness and long term sustainability of new ways of governance on global level (international organizations, transnational corporations, global sustainable growth, international economic migration, development aid, liberalization of the access to the advanced markets) regional level (particular applications on internal EU market- sustainability of the present social model in the light of an increase of global competitiveness, European labour market, migration and social cohesion, external economic relations of the EU etc.) and national level (social dialogue in CR, competitiveness of Czech labour force, competitive position of the Czech Republic within the frame of the European and world economy etc.) The result of this sub-block should be both detailed analysis of global problems together with their solutions through the measures of new governance and a number of recommendations for national and European economic, social or regional policy in context of revolutionary changes that are brought about by globalisation of the current world economy.